Friday, January 20, 2012

Variants: Transaction Screen Standard Dynamic

What is the difference between a screen variant,transaction variant, variant transaction, standard variant and a dynamic transaction variant?

A screen variant – Can be used to hide fields on a screen, assign values to fields, or set the fields to not ready for input.

A transaction variant – Is simply a collection of screen variants. Transaction variants are created or changed using transaction SHD0.

Great Tip- did you know that you can assign a transaction variant to a sales document (as long as it is a cross client transaction variant) in field - V_TVAK-VARIANT as seen in VOV8.

A variant transaction - In Se93 when you create a new transaction, you can add a transaction variant to this transaction. When you execute the new transaction, the system uses this variant. This basic function can be used in any transaction and it can change any screen. Each transaction code can have one variant transaction only.

A standard variant - Like a variant transaction except that it is simply a variant assigned to a standard transaction. You are then no longer able to call this transaction ‘without’ a variant.

A dynamic transaction variant – This permits you to assign more than 1 transaction variant to a transaction code. In the case of a dynamic transaction variant, the screen variant is only determined at runtime.  (This function is only implemented for screens in the SAPMV45A program, for example, not on the condition screen, pricing screen, text screen and billing plan screen.)

If you need to make more modifications in sales documents you can also make changes in MV45AFZZ FORM USEREXIT_FIELD_MODIFICATION to change screen attributes.

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